Here to help and reassure after you have been diagnosed with diabetes

What is Diabetes?

When your body cannot use glucose properly and high levels build up in your blood, diabetes occurs.  The body cannot use the glucose because your pancreas either doesn't produce any insulin, not enough or insulin which doesn't work properly (known as insulin resistance).


Glucose comes from digesting carbohydrate and is also produced by the liver.


There are two main types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes & Type 2 diabetes.  Diabetes develops when glucose can't enter the body's cells to be used as fuel.

Diabetes is a common condition with about 3 million people diagnosed with diabetes in the UK and another estimated 850,000 people wo have the condition but don't know it yet.

Diabetes Symptoms

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Your pancreas, which is a large organ above your stomach, produces the hormone insulin.  Insulin regulates the level of glucose in your blood, without the right amount, the cells in your body won't have enough fuel to work properly.


As insulin is broken down by enzymes in your gastric fluids, it can only be given by injection.  There are different types of insulin, and your medical practitioner will choose whichever is correct for you.  Most people need to inject themselves 2-4 times daily using either a syringe, a special pen or a special insulin pump.


Insulin is absorbed through fat, so the injection should be administered to the fatty areas of your body, for example the upper arms, tummy, thighs and buttocks.  A nurse will show you where you should inject, and you should alternate your testing area to try to prevent lipohypertrophy (a lump under the skin due to insulin injections).


People with Type 1 diabetes must take insulin.  Some people with type 2 diabetes need to take insulin, and others may need to take it in the future as their body changes.  Insulin will usually give you more energy and help you to feel better.


Short Term

Having a good control over your diabetes can reduce the likelihood of developing a longer -term condition.

Always follow the instructions of your medical practitioner, and talk to them before making any changes to your insulin routine.

As complications generally result from high blood glucose, you can reduce the risk of both short-term and long-term complications by staying in control of your blood glucose.

Long Term


Ketones are biochemicals which are produced when the body burns fat for energy or fuel.  If the body does not have enough insulin, it is unable to use glucose for energy, so uses fat instead.


It is important to test for them as if the build up of ketones is left untreated, it can result in a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA).


Ketone testing can be carried out at home, please see your medical practitioner for further details.

CIGA Healthcare Ltd

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